“Corn fibres have emerged as an eco-friendly substitute for synthetic fabrics and are being used for making not just clothes, but also in geotextiles and home textiles.” Renuka Tejaswini explains the processes involved in extracting corn fibres from corn starch and its many benefits and usage in the textile industry.
How does the process look like?
For many years, enzymes like amylase from malt extracts have been used to degrade starch-based sizes for cheap and effective desizing.
A low-cost and effective biotechnology solution in textile processing has been found and new fabrics have been discovered. To produce those fabrics, textile industry is indeed necessary. The product which acts as an alternative to the synthetic is derived straight from corn.
Lactic acid, which occurs naturally during fermentation, make corn fibres originate. It is not naturally available since it involves chemical transformation. It is renewable and fossil free.
Corn fibre description
Corn fibre is a manmade fibre which has all the advantages of synthetic materials and various properties of natural products such as cotton and wool.
The manufacturing of polymer in corn fibre involves process of fermentation, distillation and polymerisation of maize dextrose. After sugars fermentation, products are transformed into a high performance polymer called polylactide, which can be spun or processed into corn fibre.
The production and use of corn fibre create less pollution and fewer greenhouse gases.