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Przyszłość technologii tekstylnych jest DZISIAJ

Przemysł farbiarski jest najbardziej wymagający pod względem zużycia wody na świecie. Prawie 17-20% dzisiejszych zanieczyszczeń przemysłowych jest powodowanych przez chemikalia stosowane w przemyśle tekstylnym do barwienia, wybielania i innych zabiegów mających na celu przygotowanie tkanin do dalszej obróbki. Ponad 72 toksyczne chemikalia mogą dostać się do wody poprzez farbowanie tkanin. Te chemikalia nie tylko zanieczyszczają wodę, ale także niszczą całe ekosystemy i mogą szkodzić życiu oraz zdrowiu człowieka.

Czy możemy coś z tym zrobić?

Opracowano nową technologię w celu zmniejszenia zużycia wody i zanieczyszczeń o nazwie “Air-Dye”. System ten zużywa o 95% mniej wody niż tradycyjny system farbowania i oszczędza 86% energii w ciągu całego procesu. Ta technologia wciąż się rozwija. Niestety, w tym procesie można farbować jedynie włókno syntetyczne, takie jak np. poliester. Technologia Air-Dye może być również stosowana podczas barwienia włókien bawełnianych poprzez zastosowanie pewnych modyfikacji.

Technologia oparta jest na teorii druku transferowego. Barwniki nanosi się najpierw na papierowy nośnik, a następnie stosuje się ciepło w celu przeniesienia barwnika z papieru na włókno. Po usunięciu ciepła włókno schładza się, co powoduje ponowne tworzenie wiązań chemicznych, w wyniku czego cząstki barwnika zostają zamknięte wewnątrz struktury poliestru i go barwią. Jak wiemy, właściwości termoplastyczne wykazują jedynie włókna syntetyczne. Włókna naturalne, takie jak bawełna, nie wykazują tej właściwości termicznej i dlatego technologia ta nie jest jeszcze dostępna dla włókien bawełnianych.

Ale co z bawełną?

Główną zasadą barwienia powietrzem jest otwarcie struktury, przejście barwnika w strukturę gazową, a następnie zamknięcie struktury włókna. Aby nadać bawełnie zdolność barwienia, struktura bawełna musi być otwarta, a następnie przywrócić ją do pierwotnego stanu, co może powodować problem.

Jeśli chcemy rozwiązać problem, musimy wiedzieć jak go rozwiązać. Znając kompletną sekwencję genomu, możemy wprowadzić zmiany w strukturze i wyprodukować zmodyfikowaną wersję – proces wygląda bardzo podobnie jak podczas hodowli żywności GMO. Istnieje możliwość zmiany struktury poprzez modyfikację DNA – możliwe jest wprowadzenie zmian w jej strukturze molekularnej.

Głównym wyzwaniem w modyfikacji bawełny poprzez zastosowanie sekwencjonowania genomu jest zachowanie podstawowych właściwości włókna bawełny. Należy zachować ostrożność, aby utrzymać jakość, jaką posiada normalne włókno bawełniane. Kolejnym wyzwaniem jest dostępna technologia. Nowoczesna technologia wymagana do mapowania DNA jest bardzo kosztowna i trudna. Proces ten będzie wymagał dużego funduszu i tworzenia kopii zapasowych z właściwego podziału, ale mamy nadzieję, że z biegiem czasu na pewno polepszy to ekologię w przemyśle farbiarskim.

Tetex ABCs: Basalt fibres

Basalt fiber is a material made from extremely fine fibers of basalt, which is composed of the minerals plagioclase, pyroxene, and olivine. It is similar to fiberglass, having better physicomechanical properties than fiberglass, but being significantly cheaper than carbon fiber. It is used as a fireproof textile in the aerospace and automotive industries and can also be used as a composite to produce products such as camera tripods.

How does basalt form?

Millions of years ago, eruptions from the center of the Earth expelled an enormous quantity of lava in the planet surface. In contact to atmosphere the lava has cooled creating the first continents in the planet, the Pangaea. Later on new eruptions and still unknown phenomenal had split the first continent in the today’s structure.

A hard, dense volcanic rock that can be found in most countries across the globe, basalt is an igneous rock, which means it began in a molten state. For many years, basalt has been used in casting processes to make tiles and slabs for architectural applications. Additionally, cast basalt liners for steel tubing exhibit very high abrasion resistance in industrial applications. In crushed form, basalt also finds use as aggregate in concrete.

How is basalt fibre made?

Basalt fiber is made from a single material, crushed basalt, from a carefully chosen quarry source. Basalt of high acidity (over 46% silica content) and low iron content is considered desirable for fiber production. Unlike with other composites, such as glass fiber, essentially no materials are added during its production. The basalt is simply washed and then melted.

Recognition and engineering design of basalt composites should continue to climb as research substantiates current knowledge and code authorities adopt its strength characteristics. Basalt fiber is a relative newcomer to fiber reinforced polymers (FRPs) and structural composites. It has a similar chemical composition as glass fiber but has better strength characteristics, and unlike most glass fibers is highly resistant to alkaline, acidic and salt attack making it a good candidate for concrete, bridge and shoreline structures.

Fashion for Kids – a fashion festival at Targi Kielce

The beginning of the summer in Kielce began under the sign of fashion. Exhibitors and visitors from Poland and around the world, lots of new products from manufacturers, presentations of the collection of top sewing brands for children and interesting meetings and workshops – this is how, in a nutshell, the premiere edition of Fashion for Kids Fashion and Textile Fair.

The exhibition, which took place from 28 to 29 June in Targi Kielce, gathered companies from 7 countries around the world, such as: Belgium, Denmark, Italy, Spain, Great Britain, France and Turkey. A two-day event dedicated to children’s fashion took place in the largest market hall – Pavilion E. For the purpose of the new event a professional catwalk was created, on which small models presented individual collections for different seasons. The offer of producers and distributors was visited by nearly half a thousand industry visitors, including Germany, Ukraine, Russia, Slovakia, Romania, the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, the Democratic Republic of Kongo and Canada.


The experience of the creators of the well-known Kids’ Time fair from the beginning foretold the success of the new event on the European map of meetings of the children’s industry. – We are satisfied with the participation in the Contracting Fair of Children’s Clothing and Textiles – says Ismail Hakki Kiraz from the Turkish company Kimpeks Tekstil. – We came to Kielce trade fair for the first time this year, for another event dedicated to toys and children’s articles. Both from, the participation in Fashion for Kids and Kids’ Time, we are very pleased. Participants and exhibitors emphasized the international dimension of Fashion for Kids.

Companies from all over Europe were present during the exhibition. Next to us were stands from Denmark, I also saw stands from Spain and Italy – comments Danijela Pantic, representative of MiniMignon from France.



Little fashion on the catwalk

The main attraction of Fashion for Kids event were fashion shows. Over sixty children aged 3 to 10 years, for two days of the fair, walked the catwalk and professionally presented the latest trends.
Fashion shows were interesting at Fashion for Kids. We could admire small talents, and this is not often the case in this type of exhibition. The shows were very professionally organized. In my opinion, it was the strongest point of the fair – says Danijela Pantic, with MiniMignon.

The companies boasted of collections for the autumn/winter season 2018 and for the spring/summer season 2019. In addition to clothing, there were footwear and various accessories, including umbrellas, hair ornaments, jewelry handbags and backpacks.

Fashion for Kids educationally

The children’s textile industry is developing very dynamically, and one of the most absorbing countries is Russia. As part of the meeting with Elena Pismenskaja, the participants discussed how to enter the children’s clothing market in Russia, as well as marketing trends in the East. Pismenskaja emphasized in her lecture that Fashion For Kids is a great opportunity to gain new contacts and expand knowledge about foreign markets. Agnieszka Socha, a specialist in management and logistics in small commercial companies, talked about planning the purchase of goods for her own business. Dagmara Habier, who has been implementing training projects for years, also took part in the fair and consultancy in the field of Visual Merchandising. As part of Fashion for Kids, she led lectures and workshops.
Sometimes it is worth giving up showing the whole store display, and focus on the most important elements for our client – said Dagmara Habiera.


Designers and Influencers

Special Zone A was created for designers, stylists and influencers. Organizers of the Clothing Trade Fair and Children’s Textiles have created an opportunity to establish business contacts between exhibitors and designers and bloggers. – We can exchange experiences, look at children’s fashion with fresh eye. The fair is a great opportunity to establish business relations. I met with the positive reaction and attitude of exhibitors present at Fashion for Kids – emphasized Joanna Jończyk, designer. On the second day of the exhibition, a dozen bloggers from all over Poland came to Kielce to see the premiere edition of children’s clothing fair and start a new cooperation. During meetings with exhibitors, they got acquainted with the latest product offer of companies from the children’s industry and their market hits. What we bloggers recommend further has its reception among mothers. Thanks to our work, they can learn more about companies and new products for their children – emphasized Weronika Banaś, blogger from karmicielka.pl.

API.PL supports young designers

fot. AKPA

Young designers supported by API.PL were noticed, and their collections using textile printing were appreciated.

“Cooperation with the Lodz Academy of Fine Arts at the international Łódź Young Fashion event and with the Department of Textile Print at the Academy of Fine Arts, as well as cooperation with the Warsaw VIAMODA university is our idea to support young designers. We show modern technologies, propagate knowledge and physically help the most able to implement their ideas. This is an investment of the API.PL company in the next generations. “- describes Mariusz Wasiak from the marketing department of API.PL

fot. AKPA

The jury of the VIAMODA Diploma Gala upgrade 2018 awarded the most important distinction to the collection of men’s streetwear “FOUR PIECE SUITS” by Sandra Dąbrowska. It emphasizes freshness, innovativeness of the idea and inscribing into the trend of design unisex and social involvement (the collection refers to the problem of resocialisation of former prisoners). Prints inspired by tattoos were possible thanks to the cooperation of universities with API.PL and EPSON.

The highlight of the program was, of course, the presentation of a mini collection of this year’s university graduates. Each of the young designers showed six original silhouettes, which were part of a wider concept and constituted a design solution for the topic of the BA thesis, embedded deeply in the context of contemporary arts, culture and design. This year’s VIAMODA graduates of the Warsaw University presented a huge variety of ideas, themes and styles of the presented collections: from conceptual, through streetwear, to collections of occasional and sales clothing. Everyone showed a high level of creativity, aesthetic sensitivity, knowledge and technological skills that allowed them to implement their design ideas. During the Gala, fifteen diploma collections were created by VIAMODA students, creating a single, coherent artistic concept.

fot. AKPA

The collections presented the current of existentialism, conceptual futurism, proprietary experiment, the transformation of own graphic and painting works and the creativity of others into the visual layer of clothing, architectural form and functionality of clothing beautifully inscribed in the latest trends or referring to the tradition of design and art. We could see noble handicrafts made of silk in pastel tones, Gothic-inspired collection of unique costumes, minimalism closed in austere forms, made of heavy woolen overcoats and thick knitwear, architectural deconstruction, rock style and finally a cornucopia in a collection inspired by zoomorphic forms or in the form of bold patterns of prints. The originality of each collection was manifested not only in the silhouettes and details of the outfits, but also in the artistic expression of each of the young designers

More information at: http://www.api.pl/api-pl-wspiera-mlodych-projektantow

Report from the conference at the Institute of Leather Industry

On June 20, 2018 in the “Stare Kino” Hotel in Łódź, the third international conference in the series “Science for Business: Innovations for textiles, polymers and leather” took place. The conference was attended by 50 participants representing the world of science and business.

About 70% of them were employees of scientific units, 25% were representatives of companies, 5% chambers and industry associations. 11 interesting research and industry issues were presented allowing for the exchange of knowledge and experiences between entrepreneurs and scientists. In addition, a poster session and an exhibition session took place, during which the entrepreneurs had the opportunity to present the activities of their company to the participants of the event. Starting the implementation of the conference program, the speaker was Dr. Małgorzata Jabłońska, Director of the Institute of Leather Industry. The director welcomed cordial guests and participants of the conference, including:
Members of the Scientific Council of the Institute of Leather Industry
Members of the Scientific Committee of the Conference Representatives of the city authorities
Speakers giving presentations at today’s conference
Representatives of enterprises Researchers and academics and research institutes Representatives of industry associations
All guests interested in the subject of the conference

The partners of the conference were:
European Textile Portal TETEX Ltd
CERTEX Institute of Textile Technologies
Monthly “Textile Review – Fiber, Clothing, Leather
Tigret Sp. z o.o. SHIM-POL A.M. Borzymowski

As the conference partners, our colleague, Karolina Kostuś, gave a lecture on the importance of the media in the development of the textile industry. For many employers, getting a positive and consistent coverage in the media can have an amazing impact on the work they do. If people know what they have achieved and what they are doing, they are more likely to support them. The more support they receive, the more likely they are to have more impact. She also touched on the importance of not only product management but also the employment of young people who, with their enthusiasm, willingness to learn and creativity, can improve not only the employees’ morale, but also bring new ideas and ways to act, which guarantees dynamic development company. We are waiting impatiently for the next edition of the conference. It was an event that, both in terms of organization, but also substantive, was at the highest level. We highly recommend it to everyone interested in this subject!

Denim insulation is a new hot eco-trend

When you’re finished with your favorite pair of jeans, what do you do with them? If you’re like most people, you give them to a younger family member, donate them to a local charity, such as Goodwill, sell them on consignment or throw them away. Unfortunately, this last option is one we all choose too often- each year, almost 24 billion pounds (nearly 11 million metric tons) of clothing including jeans end up in landfills, where they can remain, depending on the material used and the conditions in the trash heap, for years. That’s not a very green way to handle your blues.

Luckily, there’s a new use for old jeans that protects our planet and improves living conditions inside your home. It’s known as denim insulation, and it’s been finding its way into some high-profile buildings in recent months. Recycled denim insulation offers these advantages over traditional fiberglass insulation:

Sustainability: It typically contains 80+ percent recycled content. Also, the natural cotton fibers are 100 percent recyclable at the end of the insulation’s usable life.

Eco-friendliness: By using post-industrial material, companies that produce recycled denim insulation divert waste destined for landfills. One company estimates that it diverts 200 tons a month. In addition, the manufacturing process for this insulation requires much less energy than the manufacturing of fiberglass insulation.

Excellent thermal performance: Using recycled denim insulation results in higher HVAC efficiency and lower energy bills.

Better indoor acoustics: Denim insulation’s acoustic ratings are about 30 percent higher than those for traditional insulation, creating a quieter interior for homeowners.

Better indoor air quality: Recycled denim contains no volatile organic compounds or formaldehyde, which off-gas and pollute a home’s indoor air. This insulation creates a three dimensional infrastructure that traps, isolates and controls sound waves. Effectively reduce airborne sound transmission including traffic, airplanes, radios, television, and conversation.

Improved health and safety: Installing recycled denim doesn’t irritate the skin or the respiratory tract. Moreover, the product requires no carcinogenic warning label. Typically, this insulation is treated with an EPA-approved borate solution that provides a Class A fire-resistance rating, which certifies a product as effective against severe exposure to external fires, not readily flammable and not a contributor to the spread of fire. It’s also treated with an EPA-registered fungal inhibitor for additional protection against mold, mildew and pests.

Recycled denim insulation, also known as natural cotton fiber insulation, is a high-performance insulation that’s made from scraps and clippings from the manufacture of denim clothing. This insulation is suitable for residential and commercial use in the same places as fiberglass or mineral wool batts would be used—between open roof rafters, ceiling joists and wall studs.

PVC transparent films – what parameters should they have?

Sako Expo has a wide selection of transparent films made of PVC, characterized by durability, which goes hand in hand with the quality. Films are widely used in industry and agriculture. They are used as curtains for industrial gates, windows for tents, arbor walls, advertising banners, cabrio roofs, sports accessories – covers, bags, sachets, bumper ball, aquazorbing, etc.

Their products have high transparency and flexibility from 42 to 48 PHR (film hardness). They demonstrate resistance to ultraviolet radiation in accordance with ISO 4892-32006 and in the temperature range from -30 to + 800C. For applications where flame retardancy is a requirement, Sako Expo can offer FWP 0.75FR, which has a fire retardant certification (according to PN-EN ISO 6940 and PN-EN6941) and flame-retardant reinforced films with mesh sizes 3×3 and 9×9 mm and width of 250cm.

The new quality of their films is determined by two facts:
1) they comply with the EN 71-3 standard for different types of coatings used on toys. Currently, each inflatable toy released on the European market should be tested for the content of paint, laminates, varnishes, etc. that were used to make it.

2) they do not have phthalates. Phthalates (so-called phthalate plasticisers) are organic compounds used, among others, in foils as softeners that give the materials flexibility. They are widely used in everyday products, which raises concerns about their impact on health.

How can phthalates harm us?

Some phthalates are likely to increase the risk of developing asthma in children aged 5-11 if the mother breathes contaminated air during pregnancy. These substances can affect in some indefinite way the action of hormones, which ultimately leads to damage to the nervous system in children. Seven-year-olds, whose mothers during pregnancy were exposed to air heavily contaminated with phthalates, have an IQ lower by about seven points than their peers whose mothers breathed relatively purer air. Seven points in the IQ scale are a lot, such a difference may affect later achievements in school and professional success. Phthalates probably also have a negative effect on sperm quality in men.

Since phthalates pose a potential health risk, it is recommended to reduce the exposure to these substances by avoiding the consumption of food packed in foil, heated in foil and heavily processed, avoiding perfumes, deodorants, air fresheners, some paper towels and avoiding contaminated rooms. In 2012, phthalates were added to the SVHC Candidate List, i.e. substances of very high concern. The teratogenicity, i.e. the toxic effects on the fetus, is given as the main reason. The creation of this list is one of the effects of the implementation of the EU REACH Regulation in 2008 (according to which our non-phthalate films are made), which aims to increase the protection of the environment and human health against hazards that may be chemical substances.

Parameters of available foils:


Sako Expo transparent foils are available in widths 135, 140 and 180 cm and the beam length of 50 running meter.
We invite you to familiarize with the offer of Sako Expo! More info on the best PVC films is here!

Hit the slopes whenever you want! MR. SNOW dry sliding mats

Who is Mr. Snow? Or maybe who ARE Mr. Snow?

The founders: Jens Reindl, Arndt Schumann and Felix Neubert combine the love for winter sports with summer temperatures. They are certified DSV snow sports instructors and like to push the edges into the slope, where Jens is in love with snowboarding, Arndt telemarking has no competition and Felix’ heart beats for cross-country skiing.

Alpine skiing

Imagine the situation – you are waiting for snow all year long, anticipating for winter to come so you can brush the dust off your skis and conquer the slopes… And when winter comes, there is no snow at all. Do you feel disappointed by just imagining that? Yeah, so do we. But with Textile ski slopes made of particularly glidant, high-tech fabric it’s now possible! MR.SNOW sliding mats promise due to their special structure best driving characteristics for skis and snowboards. The good grip offers beginners as well as professionals a very good grip and best skiing without tilting! Moreover, ski school in the summer holidays, snowboarding in shorts and T-shirt – the Textile snow brings you new ideas.

Benefits of alpine skiing:

– Strengthens bones and joints. Your knees must endure the tension and weight from your body as you turn and move quickly downhill, so they are being strengthened when you ski. In addition to strengthening your knees, your bones become stronger due to the weight-bearing impact on your legs. So not only are you having a fantastic time gliding down the slopes, but you are preventing knee damage, osteoporosis and increasing your proprioceptive strength.
– Boosts your mood. Skiing not only boosts overall happiness and well-being, but it is beneficial to an individual’s physical and mental health, despite the frequency or duration of the activity.

Promotes deep sleep. You will feel exhausted in the best way after trying a new sport, especially one that engages your entire body. After hitting the slopes, we guarantee there will be no scrolling the Internet before bed or staying up late—you will hit the pillow and enjoy a good night of restful sleep.

Improves flexibility. A flexible body is going to be a huge benefit when skiing. By building flexibility, you can avoid muscle strains and sprains. A thorough, regular stretching routine that focuses on the core muscle groups will strengthen the abdominals, obliques and hips that are used in downhill skiing.

Learning to ski works particularly well when we are young, adventurous kids. And so it is not surprising that every year thousands of them want to become experts on boards! Lucky for you, there is no need to rely on the weather, because with the sliding mats of MR.SNOW you can guarantee the lessons to your little ski champions, completely independent of Petrus’ whims. We guarantee that not only your children but also you will have so much fun!

Fashion For Kids in Kielce – help your child get stylish!

One of the two largest trade centers in Central and Eastern Europe will organize a new exhibition. The premiere Trade Fair of Children’s Clothing and Textiles will take place from 28 to 29 June 2018 in Targi Kielce, and their most important item will be fashion shows. During Fashion for Kids, you will be able to see new collections of clothing, as well as bed sheets, pillows, blankets and other textile products for the youngest.

The new trade fair is addressed to companies related to the textile industry, among them: owners of children’s clothing stores (stationary and online), buyers, wholesalers, representatives of showrooms, designers, industry organizations and opinion-forming media. During the event, the company will present collections for the next season of autumn/winter 2018. At the stands, in addition to a rich offer of clothes, there will be an opportunity to check the bedding, pillows, blankets and other textile products dedicated to the youngest.

Participation in the event was declared by companies from around the world – owners of children’s clothing stores (stationary and online), buyers, wholesalers, representatives of showrooms, designers and designers. The organizer’s experience, as well as substantive support of the exhibition’s partners, will result in many accompanying events. The program of the fair includes meetings with industry experts, as well as conferences and demonstrations.

– The entrepreneurs from the clothing industry convinced us to create a new event. This sector is developing very dynamically and therefore needs additional business space. Such opportunities are opened by the Fashion for Kids fair, which will be a platform for establishing contacts and relations between companies in this industry – comments Aldona Matla, trade fair manager.

We invite you to take part in the fair! This is a unique opportunity for parents interested in children’s fashion to know what’s going on in the grass in the upcoming trends for our little ones. In the end, fashion does not know the age! It is also a unique circumstance to talk to children’s clothing manufacturers and dispel any doubts about what textiles are best for the child’s skin or how to take care of children’s clothes to make them last longer. Do not hesitate – we are waiting for you!

Comet moth’s silk fibers to make ‘air-conditioned’ fabric

Fabrics made from silkworm fibers have long been treasured for their beautiful luster and refreshing coolness. Columbia Engineering researchers have discovered that fibers produced by the caterpillars of a wild silk moth, the Madagascar comet moth (Argema mittrei), are far superior in terms of brilliance and cooling ability. Not only do the comet moth’s cocoon fibers have outstanding cooling properties, they also have exceptional capabilities for transmitting light signals and images.

Led by Nanfang Yu, associate professor of applied physics, the team characterized the optical properties associated with one-dimensional nanostructures they found in comet moth cocoon fibers. They were so fascinated by the unusual properties of these fibers that they developed a technique to spin artificial fibers that mimic the nanostructures and optical properties of the natural fibers.

Madagascar comet moth cocoon fibers

“The comet moth fibers are the best natural fibrous material to block sunlight we’ve ever seen. Synthesizing fibers possessing similar optical properties could have important implications for the synthetic fiber industry,” said Yu, an expert in nanophotonics. “Another amazing property of these fibers is that they can guide light signals or even transport simple images from one end to the other end of the fiber. This means we might be able to use them as a biocompatible and bioresorbable material for optical signal and image transport in biomedical applications.”

While individual fibers produced by our domesticated silkworms look like solid, transparent cylinders under an optical microscope, the individual thread spun by the comet moth caterpillars has a highly metallic sheen. The comet moth fibers contain a high density of nanoscale filamentary air voids that run along the fibers and cause strong specular (mirror-like) reflection of light. A single fiber with the thickness of a human hair, about 50 microns in diameter, reflects more than 70% of visible light. In contrast, for common textiles, including silk fabrics, to reach such level of reflectivity, one has to put together many layers of transparent fibers for a total thickness of about 10 times that of a single comet moth fiber. In addition, the high reflectivity of comet moth fibers extends well beyond the visible range into the infrared spectrum — invisible to the human eye but containing about half of the solar power. This, together with the fibers’ ability to absorb ultra violet (UV) light, makes them ideal for blocking sunlight, which contains UV, visible, and infrared components.

Yu is currently working on increasing the throughput of producing such bioinspired nanostructured fibers. His lab wants to achieve this with minimal modifications to the common practice of industrial fiber pulling.

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